Influence of pyrolysis temperature on characteristics and phosphate adsorption capability of biochar derived from waste-marine macroalgae (Undaria pinnatifida roots)

Title
Influence of pyrolysis temperature on characteristics and phosphate adsorption capability of biochar derived from waste-marine macroalgae (Undaria pinnatifida roots)
Authors
정경원김기팔정태운안규홍
Keywords
Marine macroalgae; Undaria pinnatifida roots; Pyrolysis; Biochar; Phosphate
Issue Date
2016-01
Publisher
Bioresource technology
Citation
VOL 200, 1024-1028
Abstract
The collected roots of Undaria pinnatifida, the main waste in farming sites, accounting for 40–60% of annual production, was pyrolyzed under temperature ranging from 200 to 800 °C to evaluate the influence of pyrolysis temperature on biochar properties and phosphate adsorption capacity. It was confirmed that an increase in the pyrolysis temperature led to a decrease of the yield of biochar, while ash content remained almost due to carbonization followed by mineralization. Elemental analysis results indicated an increase in aromaticity and decreased polarity at a high pyrolysis temperature. When the pyrolysis temperature was increased up to 400 °C, the phosphate adsorption capacity was enhanced, while a further increase in the pyrolysis temperature lowered the adsorption capacity due to blocked pores in the biochar during pyrolysis. Finally, a pot experiment revealed that biochar derived from waste-marine macroalgae is a potent and eco-friendly alternative material for fertilizer after phosphate adsorption.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/58374
ISSN
09608524
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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