Low-temperature co-sintering technique for the fabrication ofmulti-layer functional ceramics for solid oxide fuel cells
- Low-temperature co-sintering technique for the fabrication ofmulti-layer functional ceramics for solid oxide fuel cells
- 석찬; 문주호; 박만수; 홍종섭; 김형철; 손지원; 이종호; 김병국; 이해원; 윤경중
- Co-sintering; Densification; Camber; Residual stress; Solid oxide fuel cell
- Issue Date
- Journal of the European Ceramic Society
- VOL 36, NO 6, 1417-1425
- The low-temperature co-sintering technique for the fabrication of the multi-layered electrolyte supported on a planar anode substrate is demonstrated for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). A NiO/gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC) anode substrate is fabricated using tape casting and lamination processes, and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) bottom electrolyte and GDC top electrolyte layers are sequentially screen-printed, followed by co-sintering at 1230 °C. The electrolyte layers are successfully densified at an extremely low processing temperature by promoting the sinterability of the individual components, and a continuously graded electrolyte structure is constructed to suppress the delamination of the electrolyte films. Based on the camber analysis, the cell structure is optimized to minimize the structural distortion and eliminate the processing defects. The low-temperature co-sintering technique presented in this study is expected to widen the material selection and resolve the compatibility issues associated with high-temperature processing for the fabrication of SOFCs.
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