Design and synthesis of new potent anticancer benzothiazole amides and ureas featuring pyridylamide moiety and possessing dual B-RafV600E and C-Raf kinase inhibitory activities
- Design and synthesis of new potent anticancer benzothiazole amides and ureas featuring pyridylamide moiety and possessing dual B-RafV600E and C-Raf kinase inhibitory activities
- 아쉬라프 카림; 이주현; 서선희; 조남철; 배애님; 금교창
- Anticancer activity; B-RafV600E; Benzothiazole; C-Raf; Urea; Amide; Pyridylamide
- Issue Date
- European journal of medicinal chemistry
- VOL 115, 201-216
- A new series of benzothiazole amide and urea derivatives tethered with the privileged pyridylamide moiety by ether linkage at the 6-position of benzothiazole (22 final compounds) has been designed and synthesized as potent anticancer sorafenib analogs. A selected group of twelve derivatives was appraised for its antiproliferative activity over a panel of 60 human cancer cell lines at a single dose concentration of 10 μM at National Cancer Institute (NCI, USA). Compounds 4b, 5a, 5b and 5d exhibited promising growth inhibitions and thus were further tested in advanced 5-dose testing assay to determine their GI50 values. The cellular based assay results revealed that 3,5-bis-trifluoromethylphenyl (5b) urea member is the best derivative with superior potency and efficacy compared to sorafenib as well as notable extended spectrum activity covering 57 human cancer cell lines. Kinase screening of compound 5b showed its kinase inhibitory effect against both B-Raf(V600E) and C-Raf. Moreover, the most potent derivatives in cells were investigated for their RAF inhibitory activities, and the results were rationalized with the molecular docking study. Profiling of CYP450 and hERG channel inhibitory effects for the active compounds revealed their low possibilities to exhibit undesirable drug-drug interactions and cardiac side effects.
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