High-performance and robust operation of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells in mixed-gas atmosphere

Title
High-performance and robust operation of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells in mixed-gas atmosphere
Authors
김형철홍종섭윤경중손지원이종호김병국이해원
Keywords
partial oxidation; mixed-gas operation; methane reforming; barrier layer; single-chamber SOFCs
Issue Date
2016-05
Publisher
International journal of energy research
Citation
VOL 40, NO 6, 726-732
Abstract
We demonstrate the high-performance and robust operation of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells under a mixed-gas atmosphere applying a novel cell structure and characterization method, useful for minimizing the conventional problems of mixed-gas operation with anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells. To achieve the exothermic methane (CH4) partial oxidation and sufficient difference in oxygen partial pressure even in mixed-gas mode, a composite of metallic rhodium and cerium dioxide (CeO2) was chosen as the optimized reforming and oxygen barrier layer after the comprehensive catalytic experiment. We also obtained increased cell operation reliability through the combination of anode pre-reduction, an optimized material system, and a customized characterization jig (including cathode-ahead layout and impinging jet flow). According to the cell test at 600°C under a feeding gas of CH4 and O2, an open-circuit voltage and maximum power density of 0.916 V and 0.422 W/cm2, respectively, were successfully achieved.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/58829
ISSN
0363907X
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KIST Publication > Article
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