Extrinsic Calibration of 2-D Lidars Using Two Orthogonal Planes

Title
Extrinsic Calibration of 2-D Lidars Using Two Orthogonal Planes
Authors
김준식최동걸복윤수권인소
Keywords
Calibration; Orthogonal planes; 2-D Lidar
Issue Date
2016-02
Publisher
IEEE transactions on robotics
Citation
VOL 32, NO 1, 83-98
Abstract
This paper describes a new methodology for estimating the relative pose between two 2-D lidars. Scanned points of 2-D lidars do not have enough feature information for correspondence matching. For this reason, additional image sensors or artificial landmarks at known locations have been used to find the relative pose. We propose a novel method of estimating the relative pose between 2-D lidars without any additional sensors or artificial landmarks. By scanning two orthogonal planes, we utilize the coplanarity of the scan points on each plane and the orthogonality of the plane normals. Even if we capture planes which are not exactly orthogonal, the method provides good results using nonlinear optimization. Experiments with both synthetic and real data show the validity of the proposed method. We also derive two degenerate cases: one related to plane poses, and the other caused by the relative pose. To the best of our knowledge, this study provides the first solution for the problem.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/59072
ISSN
15523098
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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