Effect of microbial community structure on organic removal and biofouling in membrane adsorption bioreactor used in seawater pretreatment

Title
Effect of microbial community structure on organic removal and biofouling in membrane adsorption bioreactor used in seawater pretreatment
Authors
이석헌배효관조경진Sanghyun JeongPejhman KeshvardoustScott A. RiceSaravanamuthu VigneswaranTorOve Leiknes
Keywords
Biofouling; Membrane bioreactor; Microbial community composition; Powder activated carbon; Seawater; Sequencing
Issue Date
2016-06
Publisher
Chemical engineering journal
Citation
VOL 294, 30-39
Abstract
Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) were operated on-site for 56 d with different powdered activated carbon (PAC) dosages of 0, 1.5 and 5.0 g/L to pretreat seawater for reverse osmosis desalination. It was hypothesized that PAC would stimulate adsorption and biological degradation of organic compounds. The microbial communities responsible for biofouling on microfiltration (MF) membranes and biological organic removal in MBR were assessed using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism fingerprinting and 454-pyrosequencing. The PAC addition improved assimilable organic carbon removal (53– 59%), and resulted in reduced biofouling development on MF (>50%) with only a marginal development in trans-membrane pressure. Interestingly, the bacterial community composition was significantly differentiated by the PAC addition. Cyanobacterium, Pelagibaca and Maricoccus were dominant in the PAC-free conditions, while Thiothrix and Sphingomonas were presumably responsible for the better reactor performances in PAC-added conditions. In contrast, the archaeal communities were consistent with predominance of Candidatus Nitrosopumilus. These data therefore show that the addition of PAC can improve MBR performance by developing different bacterial species, controlling AOC and associated biofouling on the membranes.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/59213
ISSN
13858947
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KIST Publication > Article
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