Bestrophin1-mediated tonic GABA release from reactive astrocytes prevents the development of seizure-prone network in kainate-injected hippocampi.

Title
Bestrophin1-mediated tonic GABA release from reactive astrocytes prevents the development of seizure-prone network in kainate-injected hippocampi.
Authors
이창준남민호우준성Nara ShinDong Woon KimHyunsill ChoByeong Hwa JeonHyun­Woo Kim박진봉Sudip PanditChiranjivi NeupaneRamesh SharmaGyu­Seung LeeMin­Hee Yi
Issue Date
2019-12
Publisher
GLIA
Abstract
Tonic extrasynaptic GABAA receptor (GABAA R) activation is under the tight control of tonic GABA release from astrocytes to maintain the brain's excitation/inhibition (E/I) balance; any slight E/I balance disturbance can cause serious pathological conditions including epileptic seizures. However, the pathophysiological role of tonic GABA release from astrocytes has not been tested in epileptic seizures. Here, we report that pharmacological or genetic intervention of the GABA-permeable Bestrophin-1 (Best1) channel prevented the generation of tonic GABA inhibition, disinhibiting CA1 pyramidal neuronal firing and augmenting seizure susceptibility in kainic acid (KA)-induced epileptic mice. Astrocyte-specific Best1 over-expression in KA-injected Best1 knockout mice fully restored the generation of tonic GABA inhibition and effectively suppressed seizure susceptibility. We demonstrate for the first time that tonic GABA from reactive astrocytes strongly contributes to the compensatory shift of E/I balance in epileptic hippocampi, serving as a good therapeutic target against altered E/I balance in epileptic seizures.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/63088
ISSN
0894-1491
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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