A facile control in free-carbon domain with divinylbenzene for the high-rate-performing Sb/SiOC composite anode material in sodium-ion batteries

Title
A facile control in free-carbon domain with divinylbenzene for the high-rate-performing Sb/SiOC composite anode material in sodium-ion batteries
Authors
김창삼정훈기김형우임효준김도원김기재변동진최원창
Keywords
antimony; silicon oxycarbide; divinylbenzene; anode materials; sodium-ion batteries
Issue Date
2020-06
Publisher
International journal of energy research
Abstract
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are not only cheaper to produce than lithium-ion batteries, but the reserves of sodium in the world are also more uniform and abundant. Thus, efforts are being made to utilize sodium-ion batteries as next-generation large-capacity energy-storage devices. Sb-based anode materials have emerged as a popular alloying material for SIB owing to their high theoretical capacity. However, Sb exhibits the problem of capacity fading owing to excessive volume expansion (approximately 390%). SiOC is a buffer material that has been investigated in terms of its ability to overcome these disadvantages; however, SiOC has the disadvantage of containing a fixed and limited freecarbon domain. Here, high free-carbon contained in Sb/SiOC composites (HFC-Sb/SiOC) was easily synthesized by the heat treatment of divinylbenzene (DVB), a liquid carbon source, with silicone oil and Sb acetate. Sb nanoparticles were uniformly embedded in DVBmodified SiOC with increased free-carbon domains. This composite material showed cycling stability (344.5 mAh g− 1 after the 150 cycles at 0.2 C) and outstanding rate properties (197.5 mAh g− 1 at 5 C) as the SIB anode. The enhanced electrochemical performance is result from the increased free-carbon domains in the SiOC matrix caused by the addition of DVB, which makes the characteristics of the SiOC material softer and more elastic, suppressing volume changes and enhancing the electrical conductivity.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/63514
ISSN
0363-907X
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