Intracerebroventricular Injection of Amyloid-beta Peptides in Normal Mice to Acutely Induce Alzheimer-like Cognitive Deficits

Title
Intracerebroventricular Injection of Amyloid-beta Peptides in Normal Mice to Acutely Induce Alzheimer-like Cognitive Deficits
Authors
김영수김혜연정보련이동근Kim, Hyunjin V.
Keywords
치매; 마우스; 알츠하이머; alzheimer; dementia
Issue Date
2016-03
Publisher
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Citation
VOL 109, e53308
Abstract
Amyloid-beta (A beta) is a major pathological mediator of both familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the brains of AD patients, progressive accumulation of A beta oligomers and plaques is observed. Such A beta abnormalities are believed to block long-term potentiation, impair synaptic function, and induce cognitive deficits. Clinical and experimental evidences have revealed that the acute increase of A beta levels in the brain allows development of Alzheimer-like phenotypes. Hence, a detailed protocol describing how to acutely generate an AD mouse model via the intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of A beta is necessary in many cases. In this protocol, the steps of the experiment with an A beta-injected mouse are included, from the preparation of peptides to the testing of behavioral abnormalities. The process of preparing the tools and animal subjects before the injection, of injecting the A beta into the mouse brain via ICV injection, and of assessing the degree of cognitive impairment are easily explained throughout the protocol, with an emphasis on tips for effective ICV injection of A beta. By mimicking certain aspects of AD with a designated injection of A beta, researchers can bypass the aging process and focus on the downstream pathology of A beta abnormalities.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/64867
ISSN
1940-087X
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KIST Publication > Article
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