Polarized and spatially resolved Raman scattering from composition-graded wurtzite InGaAs nanowires

Title
Polarized and spatially resolved Raman scattering from composition-graded wurtzite InGaAs nanowires
Authors
송진동H KimH RhoE H Lee
Keywords
InAs; nano wires; Wurzite; Raman
Issue Date
2016-05
Publisher
Journal of physics D, applied physics
Citation
VOL 49, NO 17, 175105
Abstract
We report Raman scattering from wurtzite single-crystalline InGaAs nanowires (NWs) to probe optical phonon behaviors associated with spatial grading in alloy composition along the NW length. Polarized Raman spectra revealed several optical phonons and their scattering symmetries: (i) InAs-like A(1)(LO) and A(1)(TO) phonons and (ii) GaAs-like A(1)(LO), A(1)(TO), and E-2(high) phonons. In addition, strong anisotropic behavior was observed in the Raman tensor elements of the A(1)(TO) phonon mode. Interestingly, a spatial mapping of the GaAs-like A(1)(TO) phonon along the NW length direction showed a systematic increase in energy from the NW top (similar to 255 cm(-1)) to the midpoint (similar to 263 cm(-1)), indicating an increase in the Ga mole fraction from about 0.5 to about 0.8. Further toward the NW bottom, the GaAs-like A(1)(TO) phonon energy saturated to the peak value at about 264 cm(-1). In the upper half of the NW, the phonon linewidths broadened significantly due to the spatial grading in In/Ga composition along the NW length. When the composition grading was negligible in the bottom half of the NW, the spectral widths were considerably narrowed. The GaAs-like E-2(high) phonon showed similar variations in both energy and spectral width along the NW length.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/65009
ISSN
0022-3727
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