A singular flexible cathode for room temperature sodium/sulfur battery

Title
A singular flexible cathode for room temperature sodium/sulfur battery
Authors
안재평김익표김창현최선화안주현김기원EltonCairns안효준
Keywords
Sulfurized polyacrylonitrile; Nanofiber web; Flexible electrode; Sulfur cathode; Sodium/sulfur battery; Electrospinning
Issue Date
2016-03
Publisher
Journal of power sources
Citation
VOL 307-37
Abstract
This study introduces a new flexible cathode that contains no binder, conductive additive and current collector, but instead consists solely of a sulfurized polyacrylonitrile nanofiber (SPAN) web which is prepared by a simple pyrolysis process with low cost raw materials. This not only exhibits good electrochemical properties, but also a high flexibility, rollability, and bendability to 180 degrees without fracture. Its feasibility as a cathode for a low cost and flexible Na/S battery is subsequently evaluated on the basis that S, PAN, and Na are cheap materials. The SPAN web delivers a high first discharge capacity of 604 mAh g(-1) - electrode (1473 mAh g(-1) - sulfur) at 0.01 C based on sulfur content. In cycle performance at 0.1 C, a first discharge capacity of 342 mAh g(-1) - electrode is obtained and remains over 266 mAh g(-1) electrode after 200 cycles along with the coulombic efficiency near 100% from the second cycle. In terms of rate capability, it is shown to be capable of delivering a capacity of as high as 71 mAh g(-1) at 1 C. The reversible electrochemical reaction of the SPAN web with Na is related to a reversible bond between the C S and S S bonds of the SPAN web.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/65159
ISSN
0378-7753
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KIST Publication > Article
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