Oxidation of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol by the photo-Fenton process: Kinetics, degradation intermediates, and the removal of microcystin-LR and trihalomethane from Nak-Dong River water, South Korea
- Oxidation of geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol by the photo-Fenton process: Kinetics, degradation intermediates, and the removal of microcystin-LR and trihalomethane from Nak-Dong River water, South Korea
- 이상협; 최재우; 박정안; 남혜림; 하준수
- Taste and odor compounds; Photo-Fenton process; Degradation intermediates; Drinking water source; Microcystin-LR; Trihalomethanes
- Issue Date
- Chemical engineering journal
- VOL 313-354
- Due to the increased intensity and frequency of cyanobacterial blooms, taste and odor (T&O) causing compounds, geosmin (GSM) and 2-methylisoborneol (MIB), have become a cause for great concern in drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs). Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been studied for the removal of GSM and MIB. However, in this work, a photo-Fenton treatment was investigated for the first time for the degradation of GSM and MIB in both synthetic and Nak-Dong River water from DWTPs. Synthetic water-based experiments were performed to investigate the optimal operation conditions for the removal of GSM and MIB, and the effects of water quality parameters of the photo-Fenton process, including the Fe(II)/H2O2 concentration, reaction time, pH, organic matter, and initial concentration of GSM and MIB. Degradation intermediates of dehydration and ring-opening were observed during the photo-Fenton process. The optimal conditions were determined to be 2 mg/L Fe(II) and 20 mg/L H2O2 at pH 5 considering both efficiency and cost. The degradation efficiency was lower than that of DI water, mainly because of the pH (7.2– 7.6). Nevertheless, the photo-Fenton process meets the guideline levels (20 ng/L) in South Korea when the initial concentration in the river water is below 50 ng/L. In addition, trihalomethanes (THMs) and microcystin-LR (MC-LR), derived from cyanobacterial blooms and another cause for concern, were degraded effectively using the photo-Fenton process on the river water.
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