Switching of perpendicularly polarized nanomagnets with spin orbit torque without an external magnetic field by engineering a tilted anisotropy
- Switching of perpendicularly polarized nanomagnets with spin orbit torque without an external magnetic field by engineering a tilted anisotropy
- 이억재; Long You; Debanjan Bhowmik; Dominic Labanowski; Jeongmin Hong; Jeffrey Bokor; Sayeef Salahuddin
- Issue Date
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
- VOL 112, NO 33-10315
- Spin orbit torque (SOT) provides an efficient way to significantly reduce the current required for switching nanomagnets. However, SOT generated by an in-plane current cannot deterministically switch a perpendicularly polarized magnet due to symmetry reasons. On the other hand, perpendicularly polarized magnets are preferred over in-plane magnets for high-density data storage applications due to their significantly larger thermal stability in ultrascaled dimensions. Here, we show that it is possible to switch a perpendicularly polarized magnet by SOT without needing an external magnetic field. This is accomplished by engineering an anisotropy in the magnets such that the magnetic easy axis slightly tilts away from the direction, normal to the film plane. Such a tilted anisotropy breaks the symmetry of the problem and makes it possible to switch the magnet deterministically. Using a simple Ta/CoFeB/MgO/Ta heterostructure, we demonstrate reversible switching of the magnetization by reversing the polarity of the applied current. This demonstration presents a previously unidentified approach for controlling nanomagnets with SOT.
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