Fine Tuning of Colloidal CdSe Quantum Dot Photovoltaic Properties by Microfluidic Reactors
- Fine Tuning of Colloidal CdSe Quantum Dot Photovoltaic Properties by Microfluidic Reactors
- 고민재; 정다운; 박지영; 김택수; 성태연; 김재엽; 김범성
- CdSe; Quantum Dots; Microfluidic Reactors; Microreactor; QDSC
- Issue Date
- Electrochimica acta
- VOL 222-1676
- Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) are attractive materials for application in photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical devices, due to their unique properties including band energy tunability, high absorption coefficient and multiple exciton generation. Here, we construct continuous and automated microfluidic reactors for the synthesis of CdSe QDs, and apply the synthesized QDs to the QD-sensitized solar cells (QDSCs) as a photosensitizer. The spectral range, quantum yield (QY) and surface states of QDs are facilely and finely tuned by controlling the flow rates of precursor solutions and solvents in the microfluidic reactors. The photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical performances of QDSCs are strongly affected by both the spectral range and QY of CdSe QDs. In particular, the conversion efficiency is enhanced by about 19% with the increase in QY from 15.4% to 23.2%, at the same spectral range. Furthermore, the enhanced surface purity of QDs by modified synthetic condition leads to the reduced electron recombination in the QD-sensitized TiO2 electrodes, which is confirmed by electrochemical impedance analysis. This study demonstrates the great potential of microfluidic system for the synthesis QDs and their application in photoelectrochemical solar cells.
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