Assessing the Potential of Organic Solvents on Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Extraction from Diesel-Contaminated Soils

Title
Assessing the Potential of Organic Solvents on Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Extraction from Diesel-Contaminated Soils
Authors
권만재황윤호
Keywords
Solvent extraction; Sediments; Site remediation; Recycling
Issue Date
2017-05
Publisher
Water, air, and soil pollution
Citation
VOL 228, NO 5-189-9
Abstract
The total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) extraction potential of organic solvents including dichloromethane (DCM), pentane, hexane, methanol, ethanol, propanol, and acetone was investigated along with the effect of water content in solvents for their efficiency of extraction. The extent of TPH extraction was analyzed using various extraction schemes (i.e., solvent/solid ratio, treatment time, extraction method, solvent/water ratio) to better understand the physical and chemical factors controlling TPH release from contaminated soils. More TPH was extracted with increasing solvent/solid ratio and increasing time. The extent of TPH extracted also varied depending on the extraction method, solvent type, and solvent/water ratio, but was highest when using the total extraction method and 100% DCM. However, the efficiency of TPH extraction decreased dramatically with the increase in the water content in organic solvents. The results also showed that TPH extraction using DCM was the best option for achieving cost-effective, eco-friendly outcomes along with remediation goals. DCM used in solvent extraction to remediate diesel-contaminated soils showed low toxicity, low cost, high recycling potential, and high efficiency compared to the other solvents tested in this study.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/65751
ISSN
0049-6979
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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