Critical increase in Na-doping facilitates acceptor band movements that yields similar to 180 meV shallow hole conduction in ZnO bulk crystals
- Critical increase in Na-doping facilitates acceptor band movements that yields similar to 180 meV shallow hole conduction in ZnO bulk crystals
- 최지원; 나렌드라 싱; 임해나
- Na-doping; acceptor; shallow hole; ZnO
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports
- VOL 7-44196-7
- Stable p-type conduction in ZnO has been a long time obstacle in utilizing its full potential such as in opto-electronic devices. We designed a unique experimental set-up in the laboratory for high Na-doping by thermal diffusion in the bulk ZnO single crystals. SIMS measurement shows that Na concentration increases by 3 orders of magnitude, to ~3 × 1020 cm− 3 as doping temperature increases to 1200 °C. Electronic infrared absorption was measured for Na-acceptors. Absorption bands were observed near (0.20– 0.24) eV. Absorption bands blue shifted by 0.04 eV when doped at 1200 °C giving rise to shallow acceptor level. NaZn band movements as a function of doping temperature are also seen in Photoluminescence emission (PL), Photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and UV-Vis transmission measurements. Variable temperature Hall measurements show stable p-type conduction with hole binding energy ~0.18 eV in ZnO samples that were Na-doped at 1200 °C.
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