Uniform one-pot anchoring of Fe3O4 to defective reduced graphene oxide for enhanced lithium storage

Title
Uniform one-pot anchoring of Fe3O4 to defective reduced graphene oxide for enhanced lithium storage
Authors
장원영윤도현황지은김재훈
Keywords
One-pot synthesis; Fe3O4-RGO composite; Supercritical fluids; Deoxygenation
Issue Date
2017-06
Publisher
Chemical engineering journal
Citation
VOL 317-900
Abstract
Highly uniform and tight anchoring of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on the surface of defective reduced graphene oxide (DRGO) is achieved using supercritical isopropanol (scIPA). The defect- and oxygen-rich sites of DRGO favor the heterogeneous nucleation and growth of Fe3O4 particles on its surface, while the unique reduction ability of scIPA helps remove some of the oxygen functionalities. The Fe3O4-DRGO composite exhibits a well-exfoliated mesoporous structure with a high specific surface area owing to the enhanced heterogeneous nucleation. When tested as an anode in Li-ion batteries, the Fe3O4-DRGO composite exhibits a high reversible discharge capacity of 1045 mAh g− 1 at a rate of 50 mA g− 1 and an excellent cycling capacity retention of 96% with almost 100% coulombic efficiency after 1000 cycles under a high charge– discharge rate of 2.5 A g− 1. The comparison of physicochemical and electrochemical properties of Fe3O4-DRGO with those of the conventional Fe3O4-RGO composite revealed that the ultrafine Fe3O4 particle deposition, high surface area, and facile Li-ion transport to the active phase account for the high electrochemical performance of the Fe3O4-DRGO composite.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/66086
ISSN
1385-8947
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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