Tunichrome-inspired gold-enrichment dispersion matrix and its application in water treatment: A proof of concept investigation

Title
Tunichrome-inspired gold-enrichment dispersion matrix and its application in water treatment: A proof of concept investigation
Authors
채근화Jitendra Pal SinghAmarendra Dhar DwivediRega PermanaHakwon YoonYoon-Seok ChangDong Soo Hwang
Keywords
Tunicate; Gold-Enrichment; Water Treatment
Issue Date
2017-06
Publisher
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Citation
VOL 9, NO 23-19824
Abstract
Tunicate, a filter-feeder in seawater, is able to accumulate high amount of metals using intracellular polymer matrices. The woven pyrogallol structures of tunichrome, a small peptide contained in tunicate's blood; Cells, is believed to, be responsible for selective. metal sequestration in tunicates from seawater. However, the intriguing tunichrome matrix is difficult both to harvest from the tunicate and to synthesize massively due to the-extreme oxidation sensitivity of the pyrogallol, moiety which limits the study scope. Here, we succeeded to mimic tunichrome by conjugating two cheap and naturally occurring components: pyrogallol-5-carboxylic acid (gallic acid) and chitin. nanofiber A tunicate-mimetic infiltration matrix of surface-tailored chitin nanofibers with pyrogallol moieties (CGa) demonstrated the versatility of this strategy in generation of ingenious filtration material, especially for unprecedented fine and-Clean gold recovery inside of the tunicate-mimetic infiltration matrix (>99%, 533 mg gold per gram weight), which exceeds that of the,presently most popular materials. Complexation between pyrogallol on the nanofiber and gold-was similar to that of a tunichrome's metal sequestration. Extended X-ray absorption fine Structure, (EXAFS); spectroscopy and data-fitting, elucidated the decreased coordination numbers for Au-Au nearest neighbors, demonstrating that gold coordinated to pyrogallol units, followed by an intramolecular association of Au-0. A catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol mediated by the-tunicate-mimetic matrix with harvested gold revealed excellent recyclability up to 30 cycles (similar to 95% reduction), which together with methylene-blue reduction and antimicrobial performances indicates the versatile characteristics,of sustainable processes by the tunichrome mimetics. This strategy opens the door for fast-developing new biomimetic alternatives for precious metal recovery, which is not re
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/66180
ISSN
1944-8244
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