Shear Flow of an Electrically Charged Fluid by Ion Concentration Polarization: Scaling Laws for Electroconvective Vortices
- Shear Flow of an Electrically Charged Fluid by Ion Concentration Polarization: Scaling Laws for Electroconvective Vortices
- 곽노균; Van Sang Pham; Kian Meng Lim; Jongyoon Han
- Issue Date
- Physical review letters
- VOL 110, NO 11-114501-5
- We consider electroconvective fluid flows initiated by ion concentration polarization (ICP) under pressure-driven shear flow, a scenario often found in many electrochemical devices and systems. Combining scaling analysis, experiment, and numerical modeling, we reveal unique behaviors of ICP under shear flow: a unidirectional vortex structure, its height selection, and vortex advection. Determined by both the external pressure gradient and the electric body force, the dimensionless height of the sheared electroconvective vortex is shown to scale as (phi(2)/U-HP)(1/3), which is a clear departure from the previous diffusion-drift model prediction. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first microscopic characterization of ion concentration polarization under shear flow, and it firmly establishes electroconvection as the mechanism for an overlimiting current in realistic, large-area ion exchange membrane systems such as electrodialysis. The new scaling law has significant implications on the optimization of electrodialysis and other electrochemical systems.
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