Influence of defects and nanoscale strain on the photovoltaic properties of CdS/CdSe nanocomposite co-sensitized ZnO nanowire solar cells

Title
Influence of defects and nanoscale strain on the photovoltaic properties of CdS/CdSe nanocomposite co-sensitized ZnO nanowire solar cells
Authors
김주선정경근이정원김영민김충은이만종
Keywords
Solar Cell; ZnO; CdS/CdSe nanocomposites; Geometric phase analysis; Quantum dot solar cell; Nanoscale strain
Issue Date
2016-12
Publisher
Electrochimica acta
Citation
VOL 220-510
Abstract
This paper reports the mechanism of the power conversion efficiency (PCE) improvement in the ZnO nanowires (NW) based solar cells by using CdS/CdSe nanocomposite sensitizers instead of a single CdS quantum-dot (QD) sensitization layer. Two cells with the different type of the sensitization layers were essentially consists of the high-density ZnO nanowire (NW) and a sensitization layer of either CdS-QD or CdS/CdSe nanocomposite, which were produced by an in-situ sequential assembly process of both ionic layer absorption and reaction (SILAR) and chemical bath deposition (CBD). Measurement on the PCE revealed that the cell with CdS/CdSe nanocomposite showed a three-fold increase in PCE compared to the one with a CdS-QD layer. While such improvement in PCE appeared to be consistent with the step-wise band alignment mechanism suggested for the type-II heterojunction of CdSe/CdS/ZnO structures, our microstructural analysis of the cell structure yielded results strongly indicating that the reduction of both interface defects and misfit strain in the CdS lattices plays an additional role on the PCE improvement. Analyses on the interface and the CdS crystallinity using high-resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM) combined with the geometric phase analysis (GPA) revealed that the addition of CdSe effectively reduced the lattice strain in the CdS without introducing misfit dislocations at CdS/CdSe interface, probably owing to Se anion diffusion (or exchange) to the defective SILAR CdS layer during the CBD process. Although an entire enhancement in PCE by the addition of CdSe layer seen in our study cannot be attributed solely to the interface defect/strain reduction, our observations suggest that control of misfit dislocation and lattice nano-strain is equally significant to the step-wise band alignment in affecting the performance of the heterojunction solar cell.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/66233
ISSN
0013-4686
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KIST Publication > Article
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