Performance of Electrochemical Cell to Produce Acid and Alkali for nCaCO3 Production UsingWaste Inorganics

Title
Performance of Electrochemical Cell to Produce Acid and Alkali for nCaCO3 Production UsingWaste Inorganics
Authors
하흥용정광덕김성훈아사드 아바스무하마드 이브라힘아사드메흐무드
Keywords
NaCl electrolysis; HER; HOR
Issue Date
2017-10
Publisher
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Citation
VOL 164, NO 13-F1293
Abstract
If an electrolysis system can produce both HCl for Ca extraction and NaOH for carbonation with low energy consumption, mineralization of waste inorganics becomes an economically feasible approach to mitigate environmental CO2 emissions. For this purpose, NaCl electrolysis system with three compartments was fabricated: 1) an anode compartment for hydrogen oxidation, 2) a cathode compartment for hydrogen evolution, and (3) a central compartment between the anionic and cationic exchange membrane where the NaCl solution is introduced. Both 1 M NaOH and HCl were successfully co-produced with a caustic efficiency of 83.6% in the three-compartment cell from a 25 wt% NaCl solution at 1.5 V. Under those conditions, the equilibrium cell potential was 0.83 V. The current density under the optimized operating conditions was 40 mA cmgeo − 2, and the overpotentials of the cathode (1.0 mg Pt cm− 2) and anode (0.2 mg Pt cm− 2) were 0.09 V and 0.05 V, respectively.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/66269
ISSN
0013-4651
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KIST Publication > Article
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