New approach for vertical bone regeneration using in situ gelling and sustained BMP-2 releasing poly(phosphazene) hydrogel system on peri-implant site with critical defect in a canine model

Title
New approach for vertical bone regeneration using in situ gelling and sustained BMP-2 releasing poly(phosphazene) hydrogel system on peri-implant site with critical defect in a canine model
Authors
송수창서보배장해임최혁고정태윤귀덕이재열
Keywords
in situ forming hydrogel; biodegradable hydrogel; bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2); ossointegration; vertical bone regeneration
Issue Date
2018-02
Publisher
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials
Citation
VOL 106, NO 2-759
Abstract
An injectable hydrogel system with sustained bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) release ability was developed for vertical bone regeneration at peri-implant sites and enhanced osseointegration of dental implants. In three young male beagle dogs, a pair of defects was created on both sides of the mandibular bone. Next, two implants were transplanted into each defect. In situ gelling polymer solutions with or without BMP-2 were applied to cover the implants and mandibular defects. The effects of the in situ gelling and sustained BMP-2 releasing (IGSR) hydrogel system on peri-implant bone regeneration were evaluated by radiologic examination, micro-computed tomography, and histomorphometric analysis. Twelve weeks after the treatment, significant bone generation at the peri-implant site occurred following BMP-2/IGSR hydrogel treatment. Bone volume and mineral density were increased by 1.7- and 1.3-fold, respectively (p&#8201; <&#8201; 0.01 and 0.05 vs. control, respectively) for the BMP-2/IGSR hydrogel system. And, 0.57-0.31 mm vertical bone generation was observed at the peri-implant site for the BMP-2/IGSR hydrogel system, while rare vertical bone generation occurred in the control group. The BMP-2/IGSR hydrogel system significantly increased bone to implant contact % between induced bone and existing bone (p&#8201; 0.05 and 0.01 vs. control). These vertical bone regeneration and higher osseointegration levels demonstrated the effectiveness of the BMP-2/IGSR hydrogel system.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/66403
ISSN
1552-4973
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KIST Publication > Article
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