Nanotextured cupric oxide nanofibers coated with atomic layer deposited ZnO-TiO2 as highly efficient photocathodes

Title
Nanotextured cupric oxide nanofibers coated with atomic layer deposited ZnO-TiO2 as highly efficient photocathodes
Authors
김민우윤현엄태윤조홍석안성필최성규박현웅Salem S. Al-DeyabMark T. Swihart윤석구민병권
Keywords
cupric oxide; photocathodes; hydrogen
Issue Date
2017-02
Publisher
Applied catalysis B, Environmental
Citation
VOL 201-485
Abstract
We report the fabrication and performance of a CuO/ZnO/TiO2 nanofiber photocathode that achieved a photocurrent density (PCD) of − 4.1 mA/cm2, which is among the highest PCD values reported for a copper oxide based photocathode without a co-catalyst. To prepare this photocathode, we coated electrospun nanofibers with copper by electroplating, then dried them in air to produce cuprous oxide (Cu2O) nanofibers. Further annealing in air converted them to cupric oxide (CuO). The CuO nanofibers exhibit nanotextured surfaces, resembling the skin of the “thorny-devil” lizard of Australia, providing high accessible surface area for photocatalysis. These CuO nanofibers were uniformly coated with thin ZnO and TiO2 layers by atomic layer deposition (ALD) to promote electron migration from CuO to TiO2 and protect the CuO from corrosion. The nanofibrous photocathode films were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy, as well as by incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency measurements.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/66566
ISSN
0926-3373
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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