A Chitosan/Urushi Anion Exchange Membrane for a Non-aqueous Redox Flow Battery
- A Chitosan/Urushi Anion Exchange Membrane for a Non-aqueous Redox Flow Battery
- 황승상; 공선준; 김동영; 조은해; 원종옥
- Chitosan; Urushi; Anion Exchange Membrane; Non-aqueous; Redox Flow Battery
- Issue Date
- VOL 2, NO 5-1849
- A new bio-based anion exchange composite membrane that consists of a chitosan/urushi (C/U) pseudo-interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) coated on the surface of a porous support was prepared for non-aqueous redox flow battery (RFB). Celgard membranes composed of polypropylene were used as the porous support. A C/U pseudo-IPN film was formed by laccase-catalysed polymerization and aerobic oxidative polymerization. The ion conductivity increased with an increasing amount of chitosan in the C/U coating layer, and the composite membranes had lower vanadium acetylacetonate permeability than a pristine Celgard support. The performance of a non-aqueous RFB increased with an increasing amount of chitosan in the C/U layer in the surface-modified Celgard membrane. The coulombic efficiency and energy efficiency values were 66% and 40.5%, respectively, for a RFB with a surface-modified membrane that contained 17 wt% chitosan in the C/U layer. These values were higher than those of the commercial Neosepta AHA membrane, which had a dense structure, indicating that the C/U pseudo-IPN layer on the porous support provided the selectivity of the redox active species.
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