Surface Modification of Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2 Cathode Materials by Nano-Al2O3 to Improve Electrochemical Performance in Lithium-Ion Batteries
- Surface Modification of Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2 Cathode Materials by Nano-Al2O3 to Improve Electrochemical Performance in Lithium-Ion Batteries
- 김창삼; 유광수; 강연희; 임경란
- lithium-ion batteries; Ni-rich cathode; nano-Al2O3 coating; surface modification
- Issue Date
- VOL 10, NO 11-1273-11
- Al2O3-coated Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2 cathode materials were prepared by simple surface modification in water media through a sol-gel process with a dispersant. The crystallinity and surface morphology of the samples were characterized through X-ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy observation. The Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2 cathode material was of a polycrystalline hexagonal structure and agglomerated with particles of approximately 0.3 to 0.8 μm in diameter. The nanosized Al2O3 particles of low concentration (0.06– 0.12 wt %) were uniformly coated on the surface of Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2. Measurement of electrochemical properties showed that Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2 coated with Al2O3 of 0.08 wt % had a high initial discharge capacity of 206.9 mAh/g at a rate of 0.05 C over 3.0– 4.5 V and high capacity retention of 94.5% at 0.5 C after 30 cycles (cf. uncoated sample: 206.1 mAh/g and 90.8%, respectively). The rate capability of this material was also improved, i.e., it showed a high discharge capacity of 166.3 mAh/g after 5 cycles at a rate of 2 C, whereas the uncoated sample showed 155.8 mAh/g under the same experimental conditions.
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