Synthesis of Multifunctional Electrically Tunable Fluorine-Doped Reduced Graphene Oxide at Low Temperatures
- Synthesis of Multifunctional Electrically Tunable Fluorine-Doped Reduced Graphene Oxide at Low Temperatures
- 구종민; Faisal Shahzad; Shabi Abbas Zaidi
- graphene; fluorine doping; electromagnetic interference shielding; biosensor; histamine
- Issue Date
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
- VOL 9, NO 28-24189
- Doping with heteroatoms is a well-established method to tune the electronic properties and surface chemistry of graphene. Herein, we demonstrate the synthesis of a fluorine-doped reduced graphene oxide (FrGO) at low temperatures that offers multiple opportunities in applied fields. The as-synthesized FrGO product shows a better electrical conductivity of 750 S m(-1) than that of undoped rGO with an electrical conductivity of 195 S m(-1). To demonstrate the multifunctional applications of the as-synthesized FrGO, it was examined for electromagnetic interference shielding and electrochemical sensing of histamine as an important food biomarker. A laminate of FrGO delivered an EMI shielding effectiveness value of 22 dB in Ku band as compared with 11.2 dB for an rGO laminate with similar thickness. On the other hand, an FrGO modified sensor offered an excellent sensitivity (similar to 7 nM), wide detection range, and good selectivity in the presence of similar biomarkers. This performance originates from the better catalytic ability of FrGO as compared with rGO, where fluorine atoms play the role of catalytic active sites owing to their high electronegativity. The fluorination reaction also helps to improve the reduction degree of the chemically synthesized graphene, consequently enhancing the electrical conductivity, which is a prime requirement for increasing the electromagnetic and electrochemical properties of graphene.
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