Morphological and crystalline evolution of Sm-(20 mol%)-doped ceria nanopowders prepared by a combined co-precipitation/hydrothermal synthesis for solid oxide fuel cell applications
- Morphological and crystalline evolution of Sm-(20 mol%)-doped ceria nanopowders prepared by a combined co-precipitation/hydrothermal synthesis for solid oxide fuel cell applications
- 윤성필; 그라지아 아카르도; G. Dell’Aglia; L. Spiridigliozzia; A. Marocco; D. Frattini; Y. Kwon
- Ceramic electrolyte; Electrochemical impedance; Fuel cells materials; Hydrothermal treatment; Sintering; Sm-doped ceria
- Issue Date
- Ceramics international
- VOL 43, NO 15-12808
- Nanocrystalline Samarium (20 mol%)-doped ceria (SDC20) nanopowders were prepared using a combined co-precipitation/hydrothermal treatment synthesis route carried out at reduced temperature (120 degrees C). The amorphous precursor experiences some microstructural transformations during the hydrothermal treatment, and after 16 h a Samarium-Cerium hydroxide carbonate, characterized by a hexagonal crystalline lattice, spherical morphology and particles of about 100 nm in size, with a very low degree of agglomeration, is the only present phase in contrast to the initial amorphous state. After the calcination step, the powders which preserved this morphology are still characterized by the absence of hard agglomerates. As a consequence, these powders exhibited an excellent sintering behaviour with a microstructure characterized by regular, equiaxed and micrometric grain size. In fact, at 1500 degrees C a nearly perfect densified sample was obtained, but also at 1300 degrees C a very good sintering behaviour was observed. Finally, the electrochemical characterization carried out by EIS measurements showed a very good electrical behaviour with high ionic conductivity, i.e. at 800 degrees C 5.2.10(-2) S cm(-1) and 4.8.10(-2) S cm(-1) for pellets sintered at 1500 degrees C and 1300 degrees C respectively, making them suitable for IT-SOFCs.
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