NaBH4-assisted ethylene glycol reduction for the preparation of a carbon-supported Pt catalyst for methanol electro-oxidation

Title
NaBH4-assisted ethylene glycol reduction for the preparation of a carbon-supported Pt catalyst for methanol electro-oxidation
Authors
김종식Pil KimJi Bong JooWooyoung KimIn Kyu SongJongheop Yi
Keywords
Carbon-supported platinum catalyst; Ethylene glycol reduction; Methanol electro-oxidation; Sodium borohydride; Nanoparticles
Issue Date
2006-10
Publisher
Journal of power sources
Citation
VOL 160, NO 2-990
Abstract
A carbon-supported Ptcatalyst (40 wt.% loading) is prepared by a modified ethylene glycol reduction method (Pt-EG-complex). In this procedure, a complex produced by reacting ethylene glycol with sodium borohydride (NaBH4), serves as a reducing agent for the Pt precursor and as a stabilizer for preventing the growth of Pt particles. For purposes of comparison, two types of carbon-supported Pt catalyst (40 wt.% loading) are also prepared by a NaBH4 reduction method, in which the Pt precursor is reduced in a ethylene glycol solution (Pt-EG-NaBH4) and in de-ionized water (Pt-H2O-NaBH4). Analysis by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy reveal that the Pt-EG-complex catalyst is comprised of highly-dispersed Pt nanoparticles with a uniform size (2.9-3.1 nm) on the carbon support, while large Pt particles are observed in the Pt-EG-NaBH4 (3.3-3.6 nm) and Pt-H2O-NaBH4 (5.7-6.2 nm) catalysts. The Pt-EG-complex catalyst has the highest electrochemical surface area and shows the highest catalytic performance for methanol electro-oxidation.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/67087
ISSN
0378-7753
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KIST Publication > Article
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