Nanoscale Zirconium-Abundant Surface Layers on Lithium- and Manganese-Rich Layered Oxides for High-Rate Lithium-Ion Batteries
- Nanoscale Zirconium-Abundant Surface Layers on Lithium- and Manganese-Rich Layered Oxides for High-Rate Lithium-Ion Batteries
- 조병원; 오시형; 정경윤; 안주현; 김종학; 김상륜; 최장욱
- Li- and Mn-rich layered oxides; transition metal segregations; Zr-abundant surface layers; rate capabilities; nanoscale; crystallographic facets
- Issue Date
- Nano letters
- VOL 17, NO 12-7877
- Battery performance, such as the rate capability and cycle stability Of lithium transition metal oxides, is strongly correlated with the surface properties of active particles. For lithium-rich layered oxides, transition metal segregation in the initial state and migration upon cycling leads to a significant structural rearrangement, which eventually degrades the electrode performance. Here, we show that a fine-tuning of surface chemistry on the particular crystal facet can facilitate ionic diffusion and thus improve the rate capability dramatically, delivering a specific capacity of similar to 110 mAh g(-1) at 30C. This high rate performance is realized by creating a nanoscale zirconium-abundant rock-salt-like surface phase epitaxially grown on the layered bulk. This surface layer is spontaneously formed on the Li+ diffusive crystallographic facets during the synthesis and is also durable upon electrochemical cycling. As a result, Li-ions can move rapidly through this nanoscale surface layer over hundreds of cycles. This study provides a promising new strategy for designing and preparing a high-performance lithium-rich layered oxide cathode material.
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