T1-Weighted MR imaging of liver tumor by gadolinium-encapsulated glycol chitosan nanoparticles without non-specific toxicity in normal tissues
- T1-Weighted MR imaging of liver tumor by gadolinium-encapsulated glycol chitosan nanoparticles without non-specific toxicity in normal tissues
- 최귀원; 권익찬; 김광명; 구희범; 이상민; 한승진; 한현구; 나진희; 이경은; 최승홍; 김현철; 이설기
- MR imaging; gadolinium; glycol chitosan; nanoparticle toxicity
- Issue Date
- VOL 8, NO 18-9745
- Herein, we have synthesized Gd(III)-encapsulated glycol chitosan nanoparticles (Gd(III)-CNPs) for tumor-targeted T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The T1 contrast agent, Gd(III), was successfully encapsulated into 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-modified CNPs to form stable Gd(III)-encapsulated CNPs (Gd(III)-CNPs) with an average particle size of approximately 280 nm. The stable nanoparticle structure of Gd(III)-CNPs is beneficial for liver tumor accumulation by the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect. Moreover, the amine groups on the surface of Gd(III)CNPs could be protonated and could induce fast cellular uptake at acidic pH in tumor tissue. To assay the tumor-targeting ability of Cy5.5-labeled Gd(III)-CNPs, near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging and MR imaging were used in a liver tumor model as well as a subcutaneous tumor model. Cy5.5-labeled Gd(III)CNPs generated highly intense fluorescence and T1 MR signals in tumor tissues after intravenous injection, while DOTAREM (R), the commercialized control MR contrast agent, showed very low tumor-targeting efficiency on MR images. Furthermore, damaged tissues were found in the livers and kidneys of mice injected with DOTAREM (R), but there were no obvious adverse effects with Gd(III)-CNPs. Taken together, these results demonstrate the superiority of Gd(III)-CNPs as a tumor-targeting T1 MR agent.
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