Effect of dietary patterns on the blood/urine concentration of the selected toxic metals (Cd, Hg, Pb) in Korean children
- Effect of dietary patterns on the blood/urine concentration of the selected toxic metals (Cd, Hg, Pb) in Korean children
- 표희수; 박경수; Pankaj Joshi; Sung-Ok Kwon; YeonJin Kim; Jung-Sook Oh; Jeongseon Kim; Se-Young Oh; Ji-Ae Lim; Byung-Sun Choi; Yu-Mi Kim; Sang-Yong Eom; Young-Seob Hong; Seok-Joon Sohn; Ho Kim; Mina Ha; Jung-Duck Park; Ho-Jang Kwon; Sang-Ah Lee; Byoung-Wook Yoo; Bom Kim
- Issue Date
- Food science and biotechnology
- VOL 27, NO 4-1237
- This study was aimed to examine the association the blood/urinary concentration of toxic metal (Hg, Pb, and Cd) with children’s dietary patterns. This cross-sectional study included 1026 school children aged 8– 17 years. Dietary patterns were defined using factor loading scores for 108 foods from a Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire. A high blood Hg level was found in boys with a high score in the ‘fish’ pattern (p = 0.02), and in girls with a high score in ‘fruit’ pattern (p = 0.04). The concentration of Pb was related to the ‘imprudent’ pattern in high school boys (p = 0.02). The effect of the ‘vegetable’ pattern on high excretion of urinary Cd was observed in low grade elementary (p = 0.04) and middle school students (p < 0.0001), and the effect of the ‘fruit’ pattern on the urinary Cd was observed in high grade elementary school students (p = 0.02). This study suggests that the concentration of selected toxic metals in blood/urine could be affected by children’s dietary pattern.
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