Comparative Study of Process Integration and Retrofit Design of a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Regasification Process Based on Exergy Analyses: A Case Study of an LNG Regasification Process in South Korea

Title
Comparative Study of Process Integration and Retrofit Design of a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Regasification Process Based on Exergy Analyses: A Case Study of an LNG Regasification Process in South Korea
Authors
이웅나종걸박성호박찬샘정익환크리스나다쉬한종훈
Issue Date
2014-09
Publisher
Industrial & engineering chemistry research
Citation
VOL 53, NO 37-14376
Abstract
Exergy analysis of the retrofit design scheme of a conventional liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification process in South Korea was considered in this study. A new exergy evaluation method called exergy decomposition is introduced, in which the exergy is decomposed into thermal and chemical exergies. In studying the conventional LNG regasification process, we found that a large portion of chemical exergy is lost by boil-off gas flaring. Of 17 MW of thermal exergy transferred from cold LNG to seawater in the regasification unit, a fraction as large as 16 MW (close to 95%) is wasted because of heat-transfer irreversibility, limiting the rational exergetic efficiency of the overall process to merely 0.847. Previously reported design schemes, namely, the dual Brayton cycle and the organic Rankine cycle, with low-grade heat sources were also evaluated using the new method and were found to limit the overall rational exergetic efficiencies to 0.890 and 0.849, respectively. A new integrated, retrofitted scheme for LNG regasification with a gas-to-liquid (GTL) process is proposed as an alternative to minimize thermal and chemical exergy losses. The integrated LNG regasification– GTL process improves the overall rational exergetic efficiency to 0.868.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/67506
ISSN
0888-5885
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