Tetrahexcarbon: A Two-dimensional Allotrope of Carbon
- Tetrahexcarbon: A Two-dimensional Allotrope of Carbon
- 히로시 미즈세키; Babu Ram
- Carbon allotrope; first principles calculations; Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE)
- Issue Date
- VOL 137-273
- A two-dimensional structurally stable carbon allotrope is predicted using first-principles calculations. This unique network is composed of tetra and hexa-rings of carbon atoms known as Tetrahexcarbon. Tetrahexcarbon has a quasiparticle (QP) direct band gap of 3.70  eV  at , which is closer to the ZnS, a well-known direct bandgap semiconductor. Interestingly, it is dynamically stable and can withstand temperature up to 1000  K, which is confirmed by performing phonon and ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations. The mobilities of both electrons and holes in this material are found to be anisotropic. It exhibits extraordinary room temperature in-plane electron mobility of order , which is an order of magnitude higher than the black phosphorus monolayer () and two orders of magnitude higher than MoS2 () monolayer. The optical response of Tetrahexcarbon obtained by applying Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) to include excitonic effects on top of the partially self-consistent GW0 calculation. The absorption onsets strongly depend on the light polarization directions indicating Tetrahexcarbon an anisotropic material.
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