Texture-induced reduction in electrical resistivity of p-type (Bi,Sb)2Te3 by a hot extrusion
- Texture-induced reduction in electrical resistivity of p-type (Bi,Sb)2Te3 by a hot extrusion
- 백승협; 김성근; 이병현; 민봉기; 임상순; 정성진; 김가령; 이종수; 김진상; 원성옥
- Issue Date
- Journal of alloys and compounds
- VOL 764-266
- The electrical resistance of a thermoelectric module is an important parameter as well as the thermoelectric figure-of-merit for the application of both waste energy harvesters and solid-state cooling devices. High resistance causes energy dissipation through Joule heating, leading to the degradation of the device's generating or cooling performance. Therefore, it is highly desirable to reduce the electric resistivity of the thermoelectric materials. Here, we report a hot extrusion technique to fabricate p-type bismuth antimony tellurides that has low electrical resistivity. Extrusion is a promising tool to fabricate a fiber-like texture of the microstructure, where the 001 normal vector of grains is pointing perpendicular to the extrusion direction. Such a textured microstructure can enhance the mobility of electrical carriers along the extrusion direction due to the anisotropic nature of electrical transport in bismuth telluride-based alloys. Beyond bismuth telluride-based thermoelectric materials, we believe that our result will offer a simple tool to manipulate physical properties of any two-dimensional, layered materials by controlling microstructure.
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