Mechanistic insights of the interaction among the energetic oxygen ions with nanosized ZnFe2O4: XAS-XMCD investigations
- Mechanistic insights of the interaction among the energetic oxygen ions with nanosized ZnFe2O4: XAS-XMCD investigations
- 임원철; 채근화; 원성옥; 김소희; 씽 지텐드라; 아디티아 샤르마; 카우어발짓; Sanjeev Gautam; Ramesh Chandra Srivastava; Navdeep Goyal; H.-J. Lin; J. M. Chen; K. Asokan; D. Kanjilal; Ik-Jae Lee
- local electronic structure; magnetic ordering; zinc ferrite nanoparticles; energetic oxygen ions; extended X-ray absorption fine structure; near edge X-ray absorption fine structure
- Issue Date
- Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
- VOL 20, NO 17-12096
- The interactions of energetic ions with multi-cation compounds and their consequences in terms of changes in the local electronic structure, which may facilitate intriguing hybridization between O 2p and metal d orbitals and magnetic ordering, are the subject of debate and require a deep understanding of energy transfer processes and magnetic exchange mechanisms. In this study, nanocrystals of ZnFe2O4 were exposed to O7+ ions with an energy of 100 MeV to understand, qualitatively and quantitatively, the metal-ligand field interactions, cation migration and magnetic exchange interactions by employing X-ray absorption fine structure measurements and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism to get deeper mechanistic insights. Nanosized zinc ferrite nanoparticles (NPs) with a size of similar to 16 nm synthesized in the cubic spinel phase exhibited deterioration of the crystalline phase when 100 MeV O7+ ions passed through them. However, the size of these NPs remained almost the same. The behaviour of crystal deterioration is associated with the confinement of heat in this interaction. The energy confined inside the nanoparticles promotes cation redistribution as well as the modification of the local electronic structure. Prior to this interaction, almost 42% of Zn2+ ions occupied AO(4) tetrahedra; however, this value increased to 63% after the interaction. An inverse effect was observed for metal ion occupancies in BO6 octahedra. The L-edge spectra of Fe and Zn reveal that the spin and valence states of the metal ions were not affected by this interaction. This effect is also supported by K-edge measurements for Fe and Zn. The t(2g)/e(g) intensity ratio in the O K-edge spectra decreased after this interaction, which is associated with detachment of Zn2+ ions from the lattice. The extent of hybridization, as estimated from the ratio of the post-edge to the pre-edge region of the O K-edge spectra, decreased after this interaction
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