Enhancement of performance and sulfur resistance of ceria-doped V/Sb/Ti by sulfation for selective catalytic reduction of NOx with ammonia

Title
Enhancement of performance and sulfur resistance of ceria-doped V/Sb/Ti by sulfation for selective catalytic reduction of NOx with ammonia
Authors
권동욱홍성창
Issue Date
2016-01
Publisher
RSC advances
Citation
VOL 6, NO 2-1181
Abstract
A ceria-doped V/Sb/Ti catalyst prepared by sulfation was investigated for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3. The sulfation treatment was carried out at 250, 300, 400, and 500 degrees C. The properties of the catalysts were studied using physico-chemical analyses, including Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), H-2 temperature-programmed reduction (H-2-TPR), temperature programmed oxidation (TPO), NH3 and NO temperature programmed desorption (TPD), transmission infrared spectra (IR), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The sulfated catalyst demonstrated increased activity due to the following reasons: (i) total acidity was increased by the formation of SO42--NH4+ on the surface of the catalyst; (ii) fast selective catalytic reduction (SCR) reaction was induced by the production of NO2 through reaction of NO and O-2; (iii) the excellent SCR activity can be attributed to an enhancement in active oxygen species and chemisorption of NH3. The SCR reaction over sulfated CeO2 mainly enhanced the Eley-Rideal mechanism as compared to the V/Sb/Ce/Ti (Fresh). The sulfated catalyst demonstrated the best catalytic activity when sulfation was carried out at 500 degrees C for 1 h. At the same time, SO2 resistance was also observed to be increased. On increasing the sulfation time, further increase in catalytic activity was not observed. In contrast, SO2 resistance was decreased with prolonged sulfation. Sulfated ceria had positive effects on the catalytic activity; however, if formed at higher than appropriate levels, negative effects were observed on SO2 deactivation. When considering the activity and SO2 deactivation for the ceria-doped V/Sb/Ti catalyst, the optimal conditions for sulfation were 500 degrees C for 1 h.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/68151
ISSN
2046-2069
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE