Fast and Precise Emulation of Stochastic Biochemical Reaction Networks With Amplified Thermal Noise in Silicon Chips

Title
Fast and Precise Emulation of Stochastic Biochemical Reaction Networks With Amplified Thermal Noise in Silicon Chips
Authors
김재욱Sung Sik WooRahul Sarpeshkar
Keywords
cytomorphic; reaction network; stochastic simulation; supercomputing; systems biology
Issue Date
2018-04
Publisher
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS
Citation
VOL 12, NO 2-389
Abstract
they yield a 15 500x speedup over equivalent MATLAB stochastic simulations. The chip emulation results are consistent with these software simulations over a large range of signal-to-noise ratios. Most importantly, our physical emulation of Poisson chemical dynamics does not involve any inherently sequential processes and updates such that, unlike prior exact simulation approaches, they are parallelizable, asynchronous, and enable even more speedup for larger-size networks.; The analysis and simulation of complex interacting biochemical reaction pathways in cells is important in all of systems biology and medicine. Yet, the dynamics of even a modest number of noisy or stochastic coupled biochemical reactions is extremely time consuming to simulate. In large part, this is because of the expensive cost of random number and Poisson process generation and the presence of stiff, coupled, nonlinear differential equations. Here, we demonstrate that we can amplify inherent thermal noise in chips to emulate randomness physically, thus alleviating these costs significantly. Concurrently, molecular flux in thermodynamic biochemical reactions maps to thermodynamic electronic current in a transistor such that stiff nonlinear biochemical differential equations are emulated exactly in compact, digitally programmable, highly parallel analog "cytomorphic" transistor circuits. For even small-scale systems involving just 80 stochastic reactions, our 0.35-mu m BiCMOS chips yield a 311x speedup in the simulation time of Gillespie's stochastic algorithm over COPASI, a fast biochemical-reaction software simulator that is widely used in computational biology
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/68227
ISSN
1932-4545
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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