Solid Electrolytes for Rechargeable Thin Film Lithium Batteries: A Review
- Solid Electrolytes for Rechargeable Thin Film Lithium Batteries: A Review
- 윤석진; 김진상; 최지원; Arun Patil; Vaishali Patil
- Lithium Batteries; Solid Electrolytes; Li-Ion Technology; Inorganic Materials; Thin
- Issue Date
- Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology
- VOL 17, NO 1-71
- Batteries are major technological challenge in this new century as they are key method to make more efficient use of energy. Lithium batteries are characterized by high specific energy, high efficiency and long life. These unique properties have made lithium batteries the power sources of choice for the consumer electronics market with a production of the order of billions of units per year. Although today’s Li-ion technology has conquered the portable electronic markets and is still improving. These batteries are also expected to find a prominent role as ideal electrochemical storage systems in renewable energy plants, as well as power systems for sustainable vehicles, such as hybrid and electric vehicles. Lithium batteries are important for energy storage in a wide variety of applications including consumer electronics, transportation and large-scale energy production. The performance of lithium batteries depends on the materials used. This review presents the state-of-the-art knowledge on crystalline, composite and amorphous inorganic solid lithium ion conductors, which are of interest as potential solid electrolytes in lithium batteries. Recent material developments of fast solid lithium ion conductors are reviewed. The discussion of crystalline Li ion conductors includes perovskite-type Lithium Lanthanum Titanates, NASICON-type, LiSICON- and Thio-LiSICON type Li ion conductors, as well as garnet-type Li ion conducting oxides. The part on composite Li ion conductors discusses materials containing oxides and mesoporous oxides. In the amorphous Li ion conductor part oxide and sulfide-phosphate based glasses are presented. As glassy solid electrolytes have large potential for a number of electrochemical applications, the most important among them being the solid state batteries. In order to successfully accomplish these applications it is necessary to have a background of the science and technology of glassy solid
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