First-in-class DAPK1/CSF1R dual inhibitors: Discovery of 3,5-dimethoxy-N-(4-(4-methoxyphenoxy)-2-((6-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)amino)pyrimidin-5-yl)benzamide as a potential anti-tauopathies agent
- First-in-class DAPK1/CSF1R dual inhibitors: Discovery of 3,5-dimethoxy-N-(4-(4-methoxyphenoxy)-2-((6-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)amino)pyrimidin-5-yl)benzamide as a potential anti-tauopathies agent
- 노은주; 김윤경; 박기덕; 정현정; 아메드 카람; 아흐메드 하산; 권영지; 최진규; 오명숙
- DAPK1; tauopathies; Alzheimer's disease
- Issue Date
- European journal of medicinal chemistry
- VOL 162-175
- Kinase irregularity has been correlated with several complex neurodegenerative tauopathies. Development of selective inhibitors of these kinases might afford promising anti-tauopathy therapies. While DAPK1 inhibitors halt the formation of tau aggregates and counteract neuronal death, CSF1R inhibitors could alleviate the tauopathies-associated neuroinflammation. Herein, we report the design, synthesis, biological evaluation, mechanistic study, and molecular docking study of novel CSF1R/DAPK1 dual inhibitors as multifunctional molecules inhibiting the formation of tau aggregates and neuroinflammation. Compound 3l, the most potent DAPK1 inhibitor in the in vitro kinase assay (IC50  =  1.25  μM) was the most effective tau aggregates formation inhibitor in the cellular assay (IC50  5.0  μM). Also, compound 3l elicited potent inhibition of CSF1R in the in vitro kinase assay (IC50  0.15  μM) and promising inhibition of nitric oxide production in LPS-induced BV-2  cells (55% inhibition at 10  μM concentration). Kinase profiling and hERG binding assay anticipated the absence of off-target toxicities while the PAMPA-BBB assay predicted potentially high BBB permeability. The mechanistic study and selectivity profile suggest compound 3l as a non-ATP-competitive DAPK1 inhibitor and an ATP-competitive CSF1R inhibitor while the in silico calculations illustrated binding of compound 3l to the substrate-binding site of DAPK1. Hence, compound 3l might act as a protein-protein interaction inhibitor by hindering DAPK1 kinase reaction through preventing the binding of DAPK1 substrates.
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