Capacitive Organic Anode Based on Fluorinated-Contorted Hexabenzocoronene: Applicable to Lithium-Ion and Sodium-Ion Storage Cells
- Capacitive Organic Anode Based on Fluorinated-Contorted Hexabenzocoronene: Applicable to Lithium-Ion and Sodium-Ion Storage Cells
- 안석훈; 이철우; 박재현; 박주현; 주세훈; 곽상규; 강석주
- hexabenzocoronene; lithium ion battery; sodium ion battery
- Issue Date
- Advanced science
- VOL 5, 1801365
- Conducting polymer-based organic electrochemical capacitor materials have attracted attention because of their highly conductive nature and highly reversible redox reactions on the surface of electrodes. However, owing to their poor stabilities in aprotic electrolytes, alternative organic electrochemical capacitive electrodes are being actively sought. Here, fluorine atoms
are introduced into contorted hexabenzocoronene (cHBC) to achieve the first small-molecule-based organic capacitive energy-storage cells that operate at high current rates with satisfactory specific capacities of ≈ 160 mA h g− 1 and superior cycle capabilities (>400) without changing significantly. This high capacitive behavior in the P21/c crystal phase of fluorinated cHBC (F cHBC) is caused mainly by the fluorine atoms at the end of each peripheral aromatic
ring. Combined Monte Carlo simulations and density functional theory (DFT) calculations show that the most electronegative fluorine atoms accelerate ion diffusion on the surface to promote fast Li+ ion uptake and release by an applied current. Moreover, F cHBC has potential applications as the capacitive anode in Na-ion storage cells. The fast dynamics of its capacitive behavior allow it to deliver a specific capacity of 65 mA h g− 1 at a high current of 4000 mA g− 1.
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