Brain injury induces HIF-1α-dependent transcriptional activation of LRRK2 that exacerbates brain damage
- Brain injury induces HIF-1α-dependent transcriptional activation of LRRK2 that exacerbates brain damage
- 류훈; 최환근; 배윤희; 주혜진; 배진현; 허송욱; 고은화; 허은미; 부영민; 이병대; Seung Jae Hyeon
- Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2); traumatic brain injury (TBI); hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α
- Issue Date
- CELL DEATH & DISEASE
- VOL 9, NO 11-1125-19
- Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2), originally identified as a causative genetic factor in Parkinson’s disease, is now associated with a number of pathologies. Here, we show that brain injury induces a robust expression of endogenous LRRK2 and suggest a role of LRRK2 after injury. We found that various in vitro and in vivo models of traumatic brain injury (TBI) markedly enhanced LRRK2 expression in neurons and also increased the level of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α. Luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed direct binding of HIF-1α in LRRK2 proximal promoter. We also found that HIF-1α-dependent transcriptional induction of LRRK2 exacerbated neuronal cell death following injury. Furthermore, application of G1023, a specific, brain-permeable inhibitor of LRRK2, substantially prevented brain tissue damage, cell death, and inflammatory response and alleviated motor and cognitive defects induced by controlled cortical impact injury. Together, these results suggest HIF-1α-LRRK2 axis as a potential therapeutic target for brain injury.
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