Photocatalytic antibacterial application of zinc oxide nanoparticles and self-assembled networks under dual UV irradiation for enhanced disinfection

Title
Photocatalytic antibacterial application of zinc oxide nanoparticles and self-assembled networks under dual UV irradiation for enhanced disinfection
Authors
홍석원Su-Eon JinJun Eon JinWoochul Hwang
Keywords
zinc oxide nanoparticles; immobilization; dual UV; antibacterial; disinfection; toxicity
Issue Date
2019-03
Publisher
International journal of nanomedicine
Citation
VOL 14-1751
Abstract
Background: Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles and their networks have been developed for use in various applications such as gas sensors and semiconductors. Aim: In this study, their antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli under dual ultraviolet (UV) irradiation for disinfection was investigated. Materials and methods: ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized and immobilized onto silicon (Si) wafers by self-assembly. The physicochemical properties and antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles and their networks were evaluated. Gene ontology was analyzed and toxicity levels were also monitored. Results: Synthesized ZnO nanoparticles were spherical nanocrystals (,100 nm; Zn, 47%; O, 53%) that formed macro– mesoporous three-dimensional nanostructures on Si wafers in a concentration-dependent manner. ZnO nanoparticles and their networks on Si wafers had an excellent antibacterial activity against E. coli under dual UV irradiation (.3log CFU/mL). Specifically, arrayed ZnO nanoparticle networks showed superior activity compared with free synthesized ZnO nanoparticles. Oxidative stress-responsive proteins in E. coli were identified and categorized, which indicated antibacterial activity. Synthesized ZnO nanoparticles were less cytotoxic in HaCaT with an IC50 of 6.632 mg/mL, but phototoxic in Balb/c 3T3. Conclusion: The results suggested that ZnO nanoparticles and their networks can be promising photocatalytic antibiotics for use in next-generation disinfection systems. Their application could also be extended to industrial and clinical use as effective and safe photocatalytic antibiotics.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/69210
ISSN
1178-2013
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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