Performance evaluation of a hybrid dust collector for removing particles during subway train operation

Title
Performance evaluation of a hybrid dust collector for removing particles during subway train operation
Authors
배귀남우상희전태원이기혁김종범권순박장홍량육세진
Keywords
hybrid dust collector; particle; subway; electrostatic precipitator; inertial dust separator
Issue Date
2019-05
Publisher
Aerosol science and technology
Citation
VOL 53, NO 5-574
Abstract
A hybrid dust collector attached to a subway train bottom was developed for the effective removal of subway particulate matter (PM), by considering the fluctuating speed of a subway train between stations. It combines an electrostatic precipitator, which has good collection efficiency when the flow velocity is low, and an inertial dust separator, which has good collection efficiency when the flow velocity is high. The electrostatic precipitator and inertial dust separator guarantee a high collection efficiency regardless of the subway train operating speed by compensating for the other’s shortcomings. Wind tunnel test and numerical simulation were conducted to verify the performance of the hybrid dust collector. The experiment and simulation results were compared to verify the prediction accuracy of the simulation method. The collection efficiencies of the electrostatic precipitator and inertial dust separator were then simulated for various operating speeds of the subway train to predict the overall collection efficiency of the hybrid dust collector. As a result, when airflow velocity at the hybrid dust collector inlet varied from 2 to 8  m/s, subway PM10 or PM2.5 collection rate of a single hybrid dust collector was predicted to be in the range 88  ∼  123  μg/s or 30  35  μg/s, respectively. The use of multiple such hybrid dust collectors attached to the subway train bottom is expected to be effective in reducing fine dust concentration in subway tunnels.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/69320
ISSN
0278-6826
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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