Importance of Exsolution in Transition-Metal (Co, Rh, and Ir)-Doped LaCrO3 Perovskite Catalysts for Boosting Dry Reforming of CH4 Using CO2 for Hydrogen Production

Title
Importance of Exsolution in Transition-Metal (Co, Rh, and Ir)-Doped LaCrO3 Perovskite Catalysts for Boosting Dry Reforming of CH4 Using CO2 for Hydrogen Production
Authors
남석우윤성필한종희최선희함형철김진영조진원권병완이찬현오주형김민경Seung Soon Jang이기봉
Keywords
Exsolution; Dry Reforming of CH4; Hydrogen Production
Issue Date
2019-04
Publisher
Industrial & engineering chemistry research
Citation
VOL 58, NO 16-6393
Abstract
LaCrO3 perovskite and transition-metal (Co, Rh, Ir)-doped perovskite-based catalysts were fabricated using the Pechini method and applied to the dry reforming reaction of CH4 using CO2. One of the prepared perovskite-based catalysts, the LaCr0.95Ir0.05O3− δ catalyst, showed the highest CH4 conversion (81%) at 750 °C via the preactivation of the catalyst with H2 gas. It also showed highly stable catalytic activity for 72 h without coke formation on the catalyst surface. Through X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy analyses, it is confirmed that the improved catalytic activity of the LaCr0.95Ir0.05O3− δ perovskite-based catalyst was based on the exsolution of Ir nanoparticles on the catalyst surface, which catalyzes the cleavage of the C− H bond for CH4. Density functional theory calculations revealed that the exsolution of a dopant Ir in LaCr0.95Ir0.05O3− δ is more exothermic with/without an oxygen vacancy condition by 1.01 eV/0.43 eV, which suggests the agglomeration of Ir on the surface.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/69322
ISSN
0888-5885
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KIST Publication > Article
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