Tumor-targeted synergistic blockade of MAPK and PI3K from a layer-by-layer nanoparticle

Tumor-targeted synergistic blockade of MAPK and PI3K from a layer-by-layer nanoparticle
최기영Erik C. DreadenYi Wen KongStephen W. MortonSantiago CorreaKevin E. ShopsowitzKasper RenggliRonny DrapkinMichael B. YaffePaula T. Hammond
Issue Date
Clinical Cancer research
VOL 21, NO 19-4419
however, compounded dose-limiting toxicity of free small molecule inhibitor combinations is a significant barrier to its clinical application. Experimental Design: AZD6244 (selumetinib), an allosteric inhibitor of Mek1/2, and PX-866, a covalent inhibitor of PI3K, were co-encapsulated in a tumor-targeting nanoscale drug formulation-layer-by-layer (LbL) nanoparticles. Structure, size, and surface charge of the nanoscale formulations were characterized, in addition to in vitro cell entry, synergistic cell killing, and combined signal blockade. In vivo tumor targeting and therapy was investigated in breast tumor xenograft-bearing NCR nude mice by live animal fluorescence/bioluminescence imaging, Western blotting, serum cytokine analysis, and immunohistochemistry. Results: Combined MAPK and PI3K axis blockade from the nanoscale formulations (160 +/- 20 nm, -40 +/- 1 mV) was synergistically toxic toward triple-negative breast (MDA-MB231) and RAS-mutant lung tumor cells (KP7B) in vitro, effects that were further enhanced upon encapsulation. In vivo, systemically administered LbL nanoparticles preferentially targeted subcutaneous MDA-MB-231 tumor xenografts, simultaneously blocked tumor-specific phosphorylation of the terminal kinases Erk and Akt, and elicited significant disease stabilization in the absence of dose-limiting hepatotoxic effects observed from the free drug combination. Mice receiving untargeted, but dual drug-loaded nanoparticles exhibited progressive disease. Conclusions: Tumor-targeting nanoscale drug formulations could provide a more safe and effective means to synergistically block; Purpose: Cross-talk and feedback between the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT/mTOR cell signaling pathways is critical for tumor initiation, maintenance, and adaptive resistance to targeted therapy in a variety of solid tumors. Combined blockade of these pathways-horizontal blockade-is a promising therapeutic strategy
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