Boiling Histotripsy-induced Partial Mechanical Ablation Modulates Tumour Microenvironment by Promoting Immunogenic Cell Death of Cancers
- Boiling Histotripsy-induced Partial Mechanical Ablation Modulates Tumour Microenvironment by Promoting Immunogenic Cell Death of Cancers
- 김상헌; 김형민; 양유수; 오승자; 박기주; 배인영; 신철희; 박기수
- High Intensity Focused Ultrasound; Boiling Histotripsy; Human Breast Cancer Cells; Immunogenic Cell Death; Tumour Microenvironment
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports
- VOL 9, NO 9050-12
- Boiling histotripsy is a promising non-invasive High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) technique that employs HIFU mechanical effects to fractionate solid tumours without causing any significant thermal damage. It has been suggested that boiling histotripsy may induce a strong immune response due to the absence of denatured antigenic protein at the HIFU focus. The underlying immunological mechanisms of this technique are, however, poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated the feasibility of using boiling histotripsy to mechanically fractionate human breast adenocarcinoma cells (MDA-MB-231) and the potential immunological effects induced by boiling histotripsy, for the first time. Our results showed that mechanical stresses produced by boiling histotripsy promote immunogenic cell death of cancer cells via TNF-induced necrosis signaling pathway. This immunogenic cell death significantly increases secretions of damage-associated molecular patterns (CRT, HSP70, HMGB-1), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-18) and chemokines (IL-8) which are related to M1 macrophage activation. Furthermore, the levels of these signaling proteins increase with the degree of mechanical damage induced by boiling histotripsy. Together, the results presented can suggest that boiling histotripsy could be a potential therapeutic approach for not only mechanically destroying solid tumours (e.g., breast cancer) but also promoting immunogenic cell death via TNF-induced necrosis to trigger antitumour immunity.
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