A study on electrode fabrication and operation variables affecting the performance of anion exchange membrane water electrolysis

Title
A study on electrode fabrication and operation variables affecting the performance of anion exchange membrane water electrolysis
Authors
김형준장종현헨켄스마이어디억유성종김진영박현서이소영임아연Yung-Eun Sung
Keywords
Anion exchange membrane water electrolysis; membrane electrode assembly; electrolyzer operation; electrocatalysis
Issue Date
2019-08
Publisher
Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry
Citation
VOL 76-418
Abstract
Polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolysis has been proposed to address production of high purity hydrogen for storage of excess renewable energy. Among them, alkaline electrolyte membrane based water electrolysis (AEMWE) has an advantage in the aspect of material costs, e.g. from non-noble catalysts and membrane, but suffers from lower performance compared to proton exchange membrane based water electrolysis (PEMWE). However, there are fewer researches on single cell MEA and operation study compared to material research to enhance AEMWE performance. Here, we analyze the effect of the cell construction and operation factors, i.e MEA pressing, torque of cell assembly, electrolyte pre-feed methods, and operation temperature, to obtain high performance in AEMWE single cell operation. 97.5 % current improves at 1.8  V by applying optimized torque. 94 % decrease of ohmic resistance are achieved from electrolyte pre-feeding. 50  mA cm− 2 of current density is enhanced at 0.591  V of overvoltage per 10  °C temperature increase due to higher ionic conductivity and reaction kinetics. These factors significantly affect internal factors such as not only material property during operation but also, catalysts structure and contact in MEA, leading 4.3 times progress of current density from 0.242 to 1.045  A cm− 2 at 1.8  Vcell.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/69528
ISSN
1226-086X
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KIST Publication > Article
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