Promotional effect of antimony on the selective catalytic reduction NO with NH3 over V-Sb/Ti catalyst
- Promotional effect of antimony on the selective catalytic reduction NO with NH3 over V-Sb/Ti catalyst
- 권동욱; 김동호; 홍성창
- Issue Date
- Environmental technology
- VOL 40, NO 19-2587
- The effect of antimony on the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) performance and SO2 durability of V-Sb/Ti was investigated. The physicochemical characteristics of catalyst were characterized by various techniques, including Brunauer– Emmett– Teller (BET) surface area analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), NH3/SO2-temperature programmed desorption (TPD), diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTs), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and H2-temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR). The V-Sb/Ti catalyst showed excellent activity in the range 200– 300°C (compared with V/Ti), with an optimum achieved for 2  wt.% antimony. The total amount of acidic sites and NH3 adsorption characteristics did not affect the catalytic efficiency. The Sb5+ fraction was highest for V-2.0Sb/Ti and exhibited a positive correlation with the V4+ fraction. This phenomenon is related to the effect of synergistic between vanadium and antimony, promoting the conversion of V5+ to V4+ by Sb5+. Increasing the V4+ fraction in V-Sb/Ti increased the catalytic activity, which was mainly attributed to enhanced catalyst re-oxidation capability due to the addition of antimony. Furthermore, the addition of antimony delayed the adsorption of SO2 onto the V-Sb/Ti catalyst surface, improving the resistance to this gas. Therefore, the addition of antimony to V/Ti improved NOx conversion and SO2 durability.
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