Double layered dielectric elastomer by vapor encapsulation casting for highly deformable and strongly adhesive triboelectric materials
- Double layered dielectric elastomer by vapor encapsulation casting for highly deformable and strongly adhesive triboelectric materials
- 강종윤; 송현철; 김상태; Hai Bo Xu; 김정훈; 황희재; Deepam Maurya; 최덕균
- Triboelectric generator; Vapor encapsulation casting; Double dielectric layer; Porous structure
- Issue Date
- Nano energy
- VOL 62-153
- Triboelectric generators (TEG), based on contact electrification and electro-static induction, has received a significant attention because of their numerous applications. To improve the electrified surface charge density in TEG, increasing the surface area of dielectric materials or forming internal hollow structures are typically employed to increase capacitance. However, the fabrication processes of such structures are complex and time-consuming. Here, we provide a facile and cost-effective synthesis method for the porous PDMS based TEG via a novel vapor encapsulation casting (VEC). The double dielectric layer composed of the porous and dense PDMS layers are formed in-site through VEC. The thickness and the thickness ratio of the double dielectric layer can be precisely controlled by adjusting the uncured PDMS thickness and vapor penetration depth. The double dielectric layer TEG (DTEG) exhibits the improved harvesting performance because the porous dielectric layer increases the capacitance and compressibility, while the dense layer passivates the fully open pores which reduce the charging surface area as completely opening through the dielectric layer without contacting the bottom electrode. We obtain the maximum output voltage of 345  V and short circuit current of 3  μA/cm2 from DTEG having 0.95 porous thickness ratio, resulting 330% enhancement in the power output as compared to the dense PDMS based TEG. We further investigate the performance of DTEG under various operating conditions. We also demonstrate the operation of Bluetooth distance/temperature sensors using capacitors charged by DTEG.
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