Emission Characteristics of a Passing Two-stroke Scooter using at a Roadside Measurement

Title
Emission Characteristics of a Passing Two-stroke Scooter using at a Roadside Measurement
Authors
배귀남이승복우대광임철수김태성
Keywords
Scooter emissions; Roadside measurement; Ultrafine particle; NOx; CO; EEPS
Issue Date
2011-12
Publisher
한국대기환경학회지; Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
Citation
VOL 27, NO 6-671
Abstract
Although a scooter is a convenient transportation means for a short distance traveling with a light package in the congested urban center, it might be one of the significant sources of air pollutants to which many people can easily be exposed during its passing-by. In this paper, we measured concentrations of gases and particles emitted from a scooter at roadside with no other traffic. To understand the characteristics of scooter emissions with respect to driving speed (idling, 30 km/h) at the roadside, total particle number concentration, particle size distribution, average surface area of particles deposited in the alveolar region, and concentrations of black carbon, CO, and NOx were measured. The concentrations of the particle number, surface area of deposited particles, CO, and NOx were highly fluctuated in the scooter’s idling condition. The trends of particle number concentration, CO, and NOx generation were similar to one another. When the scooter started to move, all of NOx, CO and particle number concentrations increased and after it passed by at the speed of 30 km/h, the concentration peaks of the particles and gases appeared at the same time. Unimodal size distribution with ~70 and ~93 nm mode diameters was observed for the idling and cruising condition, respectively. From this work, we found that emission from a passing vehicle could be characterized using a roadside monitoring technique.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/69743
ISSN
1598-7132
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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